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Acute Pain
Pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that comes on quickly, can be severe, but lasts a relatively shorter period of time. As opposed to chronic pain.

Chronic Pain
Pain that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to acute pain that arises suddenly in response to a specific injury and is usually treatable, chronic pain persists over time and is often resistant to medical treatments.

The occurrence of more cases of a disease than would be expected in a community or region during a given time period.

Good Samaritan Law
A law designed to protect someone from legal liability. Such laws usually specify that whoever in good faith provides emergency (and sometimes non-emergency) medical services shall not be civilly liable unless their acts constitute wanton misconduct.

Brand name for naloxone.

A drug that antagonizes morphine and other opiates. Naloxone is a pure opiate antagonist and prevents or reverses the effects of opioids including respiratory depression, sedation and hypotension.

Opioids are medications that relieve pain. They reduce the intensity of pain signals reaching the brain and affect those brain areas controlling emotion, which diminishes the effects of a painful stimulus.

Respiratory Depression
A decrease in the ability to exhale and inhale. It is a common side effect of anesthetic, narcotic, and sedative drugs.

The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.



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