Pain can be said to be an uncomfortable sensation in the body that stems from activation of the nervous system. This uncomfortable sensation could be caused by a specific injury or medical condition. In other cases, and sometimes, the cause could be less obvious or unknown.
However, some common causes of pain include headache, toothache, sore throat, stomachache or cramps, muscle cramps or strains, cuts, burns, bruises, bone fractures, and so on. Also, some sicknesses or disorders, like flu, arthritis, endometriosis, and fibromyalgia, could cause pain.
Types of pain
There are several different types of pain. It is possible to experience more than one type at the same time. Identifying the type of pain may help the healthcare professional narrow down the potential causes and develop a treatment plan.
Here are some general types of pain.
This is the type of pain that occurs for a short time. It can occur suddenly or as a result of injuries, illnesses, or medical procedures such as cuts, burns, muscle strains, or bone fractures, food poisoning, appendicitis, injections, dental work, or surgeries.
Acute pain is sharp, lasts for a few days, weeks, or months, and goes away after its cause or causes have been treated.
This is the type of pain that persists for months or years. This might be a result of various health conditions, like arthritis, fibromyalgia, chronic migraine, or cancer. Some injuries can also cause chronic pain even after they have been assumed to be healed. Sometimes, the cause of chronic pain might be hard to pinpoint.
This is the type of pain caused by damage to the tissue. Injuries such as cuts, burns, bruises, or fractures can cause nociceptive pain. It might also be caused by certain health conditions like arthritis, osteoporosis, or inflammatory bowel disease that cause inflammation of the tissue.
This is the type of pain that occurs because of damage to the nerves. It might be caused by a variety of injuries, illnesses that put pressure on the spine slips, or nerves. It might also be a result of shingles, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, or cancer.
Neuropathic pains might feel like a stabbing, shooting, burning, or prickling sensation. Hypersensitive to touch, or movement, and/or hot and cold temperatures might be experienced.
A person might experience one or two types of pain in his or her lifetime.